What is a Wedge Gate Valve?

09 May,2024

A wedge gate valve features a gate shaped like a wedge to create a seal, against the valve seats. 

This design is effective for controlling flow in pipelines across industries providing reliable isolation and regulation.

Functions of a Wedge Gate Valve

1. Isolation: Wedge gate valves are mainly used for isolating sections of pipelines for maintenance, repairs, or emergencies.

2. Flow Regulation: These valves can adjust the flow rate by opening or closing the valve to control volume.

3. Bidirectional Flow Control: Some types of wedge gate valves allow fluid to flow in both directions through the valve.

4. Tight Shut Off: Wedge gate valves ensure leakage when fully closed promoting flow control.

5. Versatility: With the ability to handle fluids, pressures, and temperatures wedge gate valves are suitable for a range of industrial applications.

Applications of a Wedge Gate Valve

Oil and gas industry

Wedge gate valves are commonly employed for operations, like extraction, transportation, and refining processes across phases for upstream, midstream, and downstream.

Water and wastewater treatment plants

These valves are components that help control the flow of water, sewage, and other fluids effectively.

Chemical processing plants

They also play a role in chemical processing plants by regulating the flow of chemicals and acids efficiently.


Power generation facilities utilize wedge gate valves to manage the flow of steam, water, and other fluids in boilers, turbines, and cooling systems.

HVAC systems

Furthermore heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems benefit from the use of wedge gate valves to control the flow of air, water, and refrigerants effectively.

Gate Valve Wedge Types

These different types of wedge gate valves offer features and benefits tailored to industrial applications and operating conditions.

Resilient Wedge Gate Valve

A resilient wedge gate valve features a flexible, rubber-coated wedge that provides enhanced sealing capabilities and resistance to wear and corrosion.

Solid Wedge Gate Valve

A solid wedge gate valve has a solid wedge-shaped gate that offers excellent sealing performance and durability in high-pressure and high-temperature applications.

Flexible Wedge Gate Valve

A flexible wedge gate valve incorporates a two-piece wedge design with a hinge in the middle, allowing the gate to flex under varying conditions to maintain a tight seal.

Cast Steel Wedge Gate Valve

A cast steel wedge gate valve is constructed from cast steel material, providing strength, durability, and resistance to corrosion in demanding industrial environments.

Split Wedge Gate Valve

A split wedge gate valve features a two-piece wedge design that splits apart when the valve is opened, reducing friction and wear on the sealing surfaces.

Parallel Slide Gate Valve

Parallel slide gate valves utilize two parallel gates that move in opposite directions to control flow. 

This design minimizes friction and wear on the sealing surfaces, making them suitable for high-pressure and high-temperature applications.

Double Disc Wedge Gate Valve

Double-disc wedge gate valves feature two discs that move in opposite directions to provide bidirectional flow control. 

This design offers tight shut-off and reliable performance in demanding industrial environments.

Flexible Split Wedge Gate Valve

A flexible split wedge gate valve combines the flexibility of a split wedge design with the hinged flexibility of a flexible wedge, providing enhanced sealing and performance in variable operating conditions.

Pressure Seal Wedge Gate Valve

Pressure seal wedge gate valves are designed with a self-sealing mechanism that enhances sealing performance at high pressures. 

They are commonly used in power generation, oil and gas, and petrochemical applications.

Non-Rising Stem Wedge Gate Valve

Non-rising stem wedge gate valves feature a gate that moves vertically inside the valve body without requiring external stem movement. 

This design saves space and simplifies installation in compact piping systems.

Wedge Gate Valve Working Principle 

The operational principle of a wedge gate valve involves the movement of a wedge-shaped gate between the valve seats to regulate flow. 

When the valve is open, the gate is withdrawn from the flow path allowing fluid to pass through the valve body. 

Conversely, when the valve is closed, the gate is extended into the flow path obstructing flow and creating a secure seal against the valve seats.

Advantages of Wedge Gate Valves

Superior Sealing

Wedge gate valves deliver sealing capabilities ensuring a closure and reducing leakage risks in industrial settings.

Resistance to High Pressure and Temperature

These valves work well in situations, with pressure and temperature delivering performance in challenging operational environments.

Robust Build

Wedge gate valves are made from materials like cast steel ensuring resilience and lasting dependability in settings.


They are valves that handle various fluids, pressures, and temperatures making them ideal for a wide range of industrial uses.

Disadvantage of Wedge Gate Valves

Slower Operation

Wedge gate valves may operate at a faster pace than gate valve types due to their wedge-shaped gate design that demands more force for movement.

Risk of Blockages

In scenarios involving suspended solids or debris wedge gate valves might be susceptible to blockages that can impact valve performance and necessitate frequent upkeep.

Wedge Gate Valve Manufacturers in China: Pans Valve

Pans Valve is an established manufacturer specializing in wedge gate valves. 

With experience and expertise in valve design and production, Pans Valve offers a selection of top-notch wedge gate valves customized to suit diverse industries and applications. 

Renowned for their reliability, performance, and longevity their valves are a trusted option for customers.

Wedge Gate Valves: FAQs

What is the difference between a wedge gate valve and an expanding gate valve?

The key difference lies in their gate structures. A wedge gate valve features a wedge-shaped gate that moves across the flow while an expanding gate valve has segments that expand or contract to create a secure seal, against the valve seats. 

What is the difference between RSV and wedge gate valve?

RSV or Resilient Seated Valve usually denotes gate valves with a wedge design. 

The primary contrast between RSV and wedge gate valves lies in their wedge material and build; RSV valves use a rubber-coated wedge for sealing performance. 

Which is better solid wedge or split wedge gate valve?

Choosing between the two depends on application needs. 

Solid wedge gate valves excel in sealing performance and longevity while split wedge gate valves reduce friction and wear on sealing surfaces potentially prolonging the life of the valve. 

What degree is a gate valve wedge?

Gate valves commonly have wedges set at angles ranging from 5 to 10 degrees varying based on the design and specifications of the manufacturer.

This particular design is tailored to create a seal, against the valve seats while reducing friction when in use. 

Key Takeaway

Wedge gate valves play a role in industries for regulating fluid flow in pipelines. 

They provide sealing to withstand pressure and temperature exhibit durability and offer versatility making them ideal for a wide range of industrial uses. 

Knowing about the kinds, operational principles, benefits and drawbacks of wedge gate valves is essential for choosing the right valve type and ensuring dependable operation in industrial settings.

Article Sources
The Pans Valve uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Our commitment to accuracy and reliability ensures that readers receive well-researched information they can trust.
Tags: valves